(1) Every State Government shall constitute a body to be called
the Legal Services Authority for the State to exercise the powers and perform the
functions conferred on, or assigned to, a State Authority under this Act.
(2) A State Authority shall consist of -
(a)The Chief Justice of the High Court who shall be the Patron-in-Chief;
(b)a serving or retired Judge of the High Court, to be nominated by the
Governor, in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court, who shall be the
Executive Chairman; and
(c)such number of other Members, possessing such experience and
qualifications as may be prescribed by the State Government, to be nominated by that
Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court.
(3)The State Government shall, in consultation with the Chief Justice of
the High Court, appoint a person belonging to the State Higher Judicial Service not lower
in rank than that of a District Judge, as the Member-Secretary of the State Authority, to
exercise such powers and perform such duties under the Executive Chairman of the State
Authority as may be prescribed by that Government or as may be assigned to him by the
Executive Chairman of that Authority:
Provided that a person functioning as Secretary of a State Legal Aid & Advice
Board immediately before the date of constitution of the State Authority may be appointed
as Member-Secretary of that Authority, even if he is not qualified to be appointed as such
under this sub-section, for a period not exceeding five years.
(4)The terms of office and other conditions relating thereto, of Members
and the Member-Secretary of the State Authority shall be such as may be prescribed by the
State Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court.
(5)The State Authority may appoint such number of officers and other
employees as may be prescribed by the State Government, in consultation with the Chief
Justice of the High Court, for the efficient discharge of its functions under this
(6) The officers and other employees of the State Authority shall be
entitled to such salary and allowances and shall be subject to such other conditions of
service as may be prescribed by the State Government in consultation with the Chief
Justice of the High Court.
(7)The administrative expenses of the State Authority, including the
salaries, allowances and pensions payable to the Member-Secretary, officers and other
employees of the State Authority shall be defrayed out of the consolidated fund of the
(8)All orders and decisions of the State Authority shall be authenticated
by the Member-Secretary or any other officer of the State Authority duly authorised by the
Executive Chairman of the State Authority.
(9)No act or proceeding of a State Authority shall be invalid merely on
the ground of the existence of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of the
(1) It shall be the duty of the State Authority to give
effect to the policy and directions of the Central Authority.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the functions referred to
in sub-section (1), the State Authority shall perform all or any of the following
(a) give legal service to persons who satisfy the criteria laid down
under this Act.
(b) conduct Lok Adalats, including Lok Adalats for High Court cases;
(c) undertake preventive and strategic legal aid programmes; and
(d) perform such other functions as the State Authority may, in
consultation with the Central Authority, fix by regulations.
State Authority to
act in co-ordination with other agencies etc., and be subject to directions given by
In the discharge of its functions the State Authority shall appropriately
act in co-ordination with other governmental agencies, non-governmental voluntary social
service institutions, universities and other bodies engaged in the work of promoting the
cause of legal services to the poor and shall also be guided by such directions as the
Central Authority may give to it in writing.